观点 | 5G 通信技术为 LINFINITY 智慧供应链系统落地奠定基础

5G网络是基于4G网络的升级,与单纯面向人与人之间的通信不同,5G在设计时,就考虑了人与物、物与物之间的互连。在全球电信联盟的5G指标中包括极高的速率、极大的容量、极低的时延三大主要特点。这三大特点对于承接大数量终端和高速数据交流起到关键作用。

大规模天线阵列,超密集组网,新型多址技术,全频谱接入技术,新型网络架构如云计算等共同组成了5G的核心技术。这些既能大幅度提升系统频谱效率,实现百倍量级的容量提升,又能支撑千亿设备连接的网络需求。与4G相比,5G的天线规模已不是用“根”来计算,而是用“阵”来衡量。这就意味着5G将拥有更大的频率带宽和更广的覆盖范围,支持更高的数据传输效率和更大的网络容量。海量的通信连接、广域的覆盖范围,可以满足未来企业级业务应用和垂直行业业务应用的差异化、个性化需求,实现从人到物的全场景覆盖、从消费到生产的全环节追踪,最终达到“万物互联”。

随着5G的发展,5G赋能物联网应用领域也将不断增宽,向着多样化方向发展。恰如LINFINITY CEO  Anndy Lian所说:“5G将是一种全新的网络,以前所未有的规模、速度和复杂性,连接各种各样的设备。在通向5G的道路上,数十亿移动设备将与人工智能、自动驾驶、纳米技术等跨界融合,带来一场前所未有的创新革命。可以说5G将赋能物联网,推进物联网应用场景的落地,衍生物联网全新的应用领域。”

传统的供应链溯源技术在商品运送受损、在线信息显示延迟、人员跟踪成本高等方面略有缺陷,影响了供应链市场的发展。而5G因其超宽带、广覆盖、海量连接等在物流追踪方面将占据技术优势,能够满足从仓库管理到物流配送所需的广覆盖、深覆盖、大连接、低成本、低功耗的技术要求,并能优化物流,实现在途商品的动态跟踪,提高资产定位与跟踪的效率,从而推动智慧物流应用场景的落地。

LINFINITY智慧供应链系统是基于物联网在供应链领域中的典型应用,系统综合集成计算机与网络技术、物联网技术、传感器技术和无线通信技术。可实现对供应链的数字化和可视化综合管理,包括远程诊断、自动控制、灾变预警及质量追溯管理,以及供应链各流转环节的实时动态管理、提高效率,提高生产和配送透明度,为用户提供安全、可追溯、可信任的供应链服务。整个供应链条的各个部分有其独立属性,LINFINITY将这些信息打包上链形成区块,每个区块都通过5G网络联系起来,这些区块之间的关系是互信合作的关系,所有区块的物联网信息通过5G网络汇总。这些信息放在一个虚拟云池中,只要提供必要的公钥和私钥,任何一个环节都能随时调用全流程环节的信息。

随着5G通信技术的研发,也为LINFINITY智慧供应链系统的研发落地奠定了良好基础。并且也会带动其他基础产业的发展,5G与物联网的结合势必会在工业、农业和我们的日常生活中大放异彩。

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5G Mobile Communication Technology Lays the Groundwork for Intelligent Supply Chain Systems

The rapidly-approaching onset of 5G network capabilities is based on upgrading current 4G network technology, specifically to move away from traditional methods of simple person-to-person communication. Both person-to-object and object-to-object interconnectivity is taken into account in current 5G network design. The core 5G indices, as ascertained by the Global Telecommunications Alliance, include a high communication rate, extraordinary network capacity, and low latency. These three characteristics play a key role in undertaking large numbers of terminals and high-speed data communications.

The core technologies of 5G operations include large-scale antenna matrices, super-dense networking, new multiple-access technologies, full-spectrum access technologies, and new and improved network architecture such as cloud computing. These aspects combined can greatly improve the spectrum efficiency of the system, improve network capacity on a 100× magnitude, and can support the network requirements which arise when attempting to connecting billions of devices. Compared to 4G, the antenna size of 5G is not calculated by “root” but is measured by “matrix”. This means that 5G will have a larger frequency bandwidth and a wider range of coverage, supporting higher data transmission efficiency and greater network capacity. The vast range of communicational connections, wide-area coverage, and the future differentiation and individuation demands of both enterprise and vertical industry business applications required for this endeavor will eventually coalesce, covering from person to object and from consumption to production – finally achieving 5G’s ultimate goal of interconnecting the “Internet of everything”.

With the development of 5G, the application field of 5G energy-based Internet of things will continue to widen and develop in the direction of diversification. LINFINITY CEO Anndy Lian remarked: “5G will be a brand-new network to connect a wide variety of devices with unprecedented scale, speed and complexity. On the development path to 5G, billions of mobile devices will be combined with cross-border integration of artificial intelligence, automatic driving, and nanotechnology, to bring about an unprecedented innovational revolution. Of course, 5G will necessarily be connected with the Internet of Things and the applications surrounding it, allowing for a new application field to emerge: derivative networking.”

Traditional supply chain traceability technology has some defects, at least in regard to goods damage during delivery, delays in updating and displaying online information, the high cost of personnel tracking, and so on; which has affected the development of the supply chain market. Thanks to its ultra-wideband, wide-coverage, mass-connection, and other technical advantages in logistical tracking, it is hoped that 5G will be able to meet the technical requirements of wide- and deep-coverage, the demand for mega-connectedness, and demands of low-cost and low-power consumption – and, moreover, will become applicable to every aspect of the industry, from warehouse management schemes to logistics and distribution. 5G can optimize logistics, dynamically track goods in-transit, and improve the efficiency of asset-positioning and tracking – and, thus, is designed to meet intelligent logistical application scenarios.

LINFINITY’s intelligent supply-chain system is based on the typical application of the Internet of Things to current supply-chain models. The system integrates computational, network, sensor and wireless communication technologies, as well as, of course, its specialized Internet of Things technology, to help realize digital and visual integrated management of supply chains, including, but not limited to, in remote diagnosis, automatic control, disaster warning systems, quality tracing management, and real-time dynamic management of all supply-chain flows. LINFINITY also prides itself on its system’s inherent transparency, in production and distribution, which provides end-users with clearer and better security, traceability, and trusted supply-chain services. Each part of the entire supply chain has its own independent properties – LINFINITY recognizes this by allowing each set to submit their information into a chain, thus forming a block. Each block is then interconnected through a 5G network, underpinned by a relationship between the blocks of mutual trust and cooperation, and the IoT information contained in all the blocks in the chain is summarized through that network. The information is placed in a virtual cloud pool, allowing for all process links to be called at any time by providing the necessary public and private keys.

The development of 5G communication technology has laid a good foundation for the research and development of LINFINITY’s intelligent supply chain system, it is hoped and expected that it will also drive the development of other basic industries. Indeed, the combination of 5G and IoT is bound to bring optimistic changes in industry, agriculture and our daily life.

About LINFINITY:

As a credible distributed business platform underlying Blockchain, Internet of Things and Big Data technology, employing a guideline of “Internet of everything and sharing with mutual trust”, LINFINITY is a platform with reliable data, transparent information, efficient cooperation and interconnected network to cope with the practical business pain points and development demand of corporate users.

For more information about LINFINITY and their future activities, please visit www.linfinity.io or contact pr@linfinity.io.

 

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