From centralisation to decentralisation; how blockchain-oriented fintech can benefit the financial sector

From centralisation to decentralisation; how blockchain-oriented fintech can benefit the financial sector

Additional comments.

Blockchain has the potential to digitize the entire trade finance lifecycle while increasing security and efficiency, lower fraud, human error, and overall counterparty risk.

From a productivity stand point, blockchain intervention allows the whole banking process to be automated within a given set of variables and guidelines and certain banking functions can work 24/7 instead of 9 to 5. In the example of payment, the current system for cross border transactions can take up to a week to clear, with the help of blockchain the amount can be cleared instantly.

On top of everything, it can enable more transparent governance as all the transactions are trackable and traceable on the blockchain.

 

Anndy Lian

—-

From centralisation to decentralisation; how blockchain-oriented fintech can benefit the financial sector

As stated by experts, blockchain has the capability to digitise the trade finance ecosystem with increment in security and efficiency, reduction in fraudulent practices and human errors, and overall fall in counterparty risks

From what it seems one of the burgeoning technology blockchain is expected to have an impact across sectors including finance. Insights from a study conducted by Market Research Future, a market analysis company, have shown that blockchain within the fintech market will be valued at $31.4 billion by 2030, thereby clocking a 47.90% compound annual growth rate (CAGR). “Blockchain’s influence on the fintech sector can play a key role in boosting privacy and reduction of risks, while transactions are conducted. With no intermediaries involved, customers can conduct transactions at a reduced cost. As the financial industry starts to use blockchain, the potential to provide reliable and transparent transactions will become prevalent,” Prashant Kumar, founder, and CEO, weTrade, a cryptocurrency startup, told FE Digital Currency.

As stated by experts, blockchain has the capability to digitise the trade ecosystem with increment in security and efficiency, reduction in fraudulent practices and human errors, and overall fall in counterparty risks. A blog by International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation, a technology corporation, mentioned that 54% of banks surveyed said that transformative technologies such as blockchain, digital trade, and online trade platforms are priority areas of development with regard to future growth. “From a productivity standpoint, blockchain’s intervention will allow the banking system to be automated within a given set of variables, to allow them to function 24×7. Moreover, it can enable transparent governance, as transactions will become traceable on blockchain,” Anndy Lian, chief digital advisor, Mongolian Productivity Organisation, a governmental organisation, said.

Anndy Lian is an early blockchain adopter and experienced serial entrepreneur who is known for his work in the government sector. He is a best selling book author “Blockchain Revolution 2030”.

Currently, he is appointed as the Chief Digital Advisor at Mongolia Productivity Organization, championing national digitization. Prior to his current appointments, he was the Chairman of BigONE Exchange, a global top 30 ranked crypto spot exchange and was also the Advisory Board Member for Hyundai DAC, the blockchain arm of South Korea’s largest car manufacturer Hyundai Motor Group. Lian played a pivotal role as the Blockchain Advisor for Asian Productivity Organisation (APO), an intergovernmental organization committed to improving productivity in the Asia-Pacific region.

An avid supporter of incubating start-ups, Anndy has also been a private investor for the past eight years. With a growth investment mindset, Anndy strategically demonstrates this in the companies he chooses to be involved with. He believes that what he is doing through blockchain technology currently will revolutionise and redefine traditional businesses. He also believes that the blockchain industry has to be “redecentralised”.

j j j

What are the financial implications of bitcoin’s value dropping below $20,000

What are the financial implications of bitcoin’s value dropping below $20,000

Addition comments:

Bitcoin has been closely correlated to the movements of U.S. stock markets. If you noted the timing, U.S. stocks markets fell and futures are still struggling on Tuesday. This is accompanied by high inflation and lots of talks on the ground of a recession in U.S. very soon.

With the above narrative and statistics, it means that bitcoin will continue to dip. The market is also experiencing a domino effect with the bigger players going into a liquidation mode and with high possibilities of more big boys going down that same route as bitcoin continues to dip.

No one can predict the price of bitcoin. When the price of bitcoin goes below $20,000, this also means that if you buy now, you will be buying at a lower price than most institutions such as Microstrategy.

What are the financial implications of bitcoin’s value dropping below $20,000

On June 13, bitcoin’s value fell below $25,000 while on June 29, bitcoin ranged just below the $20,000 mark

On June 29, the value of bitcoin briefly dropped below the $20,000 mark. For a second time in the same month, investors witnessed a decline in bitcoin’s value when on June 13, bitcoin’s value fell below $25,000. As a result, investors were again left exposed to volatile market conditions. “The sudden dip in bitcoin should be held responsible for inflation around the globe. While the cryptocurrency market is based off of the global market, there haven’t been any notable events apart from general market variables which have pushed the prices down,” Sathvik Vishwanath, co-founder and CEO, Unocoin, a cryptocurrency exchange.

Industry experts opined that the Russia-Ukraine war and inflation hitting a fresh 40-year high are some of the reasons why bitcoin’s price is slumping in cryptocurrency markets. “The value of bitcoin is struggling to maintain the $20,000 level. While bitcoin was considered immune to fluctuations with regard to risk oriented assets, it is no longer the case. The overall cryptocurrency market is influenced by factors such as inflation, changes in stock market prices, and the Federal monetary policy,” Raj Kapoor, chief advisor, Acryptoverse, a cryptocurrency advisory firm, told FE Digital Currency.

As stated by Sharat Chandra, vice president of research and strategy, EarthID, a decentralised identity management platform, the quantitative tightening, which refers to the monetary policy applied by central banks to decrease money supply in economies, is having an effect on bitcoin’s value.

Anndy Lian is an early blockchain adopter and experienced serial entrepreneur who is known for his work in the government sector. He is a best selling book author “Blockchain Revolution 2030”.

Currently, he is appointed as the Chief Digital Advisor at Mongolia Productivity Organization, championing national digitization. Prior to his current appointments, he was the Chairman of BigONE Exchange, a global top 30 ranked crypto spot exchange and was also the Advisory Board Member for Hyundai DAC, the blockchain arm of South Korea’s largest car manufacturer Hyundai Motor Group. Lian played a pivotal role as the Blockchain Advisor for Asian Productivity Organisation (APO), an intergovernmental organization committed to improving productivity in the Asia-Pacific region.

An avid supporter of incubating start-ups, Anndy has also been a private investor for the past eight years. With a growth investment mindset, Anndy strategically demonstrates this in the companies he chooses to be involved with. He believes that what he is doing through blockchain technology currently will revolutionise and redefine traditional businesses. He also believes that the blockchain industry has to be “redecentralised”.

j j j

KrASIA: Scores of businesses fail to win licenses from city-state’s financial regulator

KrASIA: Scores of businesses fail to win licenses from city-state’s financial regulator

Crypto entrepreneurs find Singapore is not so hospitable after all

Cryptocurrency entrepreneurs lured to Singapore by its apparent openness to the burgeoning industry are discovering just how difficult it is to legally operate in the city-state.

More than 100 of the around 170 businesses that applied for licenses to offer “digital payment token services” have now been turned down or withdrawn their applications, according to the latest figures from regulators.

And scores more face an uncertain future, operating under exemptions but amid a darkening mood over the approval process.

In early September, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) ordered Binance, one of the world’s largest crypto exchanges, to stop providing services to residents in the city-state, and last week Binance’s Singapore-only affiliate announced it also was shutting down its trading platform for the city-state. Dozens are confronting a similar fate.

Dubai-based crypto exchange Bitxmi is one of 103 companies that appear on the latest MAS list of entities whose exemptions allowing them to operate have been removed. Having set up in Singapore in late 2018, it was unsuccessful in securing a license, chief executive officer Sanjay Jain told Nikkei Asia.

“We can’t operate in Singapore,” he said. “We have an office there, but it’s just more or less—there’s one person for our accounting and legal issues.”

Jain declined to speak about why his outfit did not manage to secure a license from regulators. “That, you need to ask them,” he said.

The introduction of the licensing regime in January was cast as the next step in building a thriving crypto sector and set up a contrast with Singapore’s rival Asian financial hub, Hong Kong, which had taken a more skeptical approach to crypto businesses.

Graph by Nikkei Asia.

A spokesperson for MAS told Nikkei that it is supportive of innovation in the use of blockchain technology, which underpins cryptocurrencies, while also recognizing the risks.

“Cryptocurrencies could be abused for money laundering, terrorism financing, or proliferation financing due to the speed and cross-border nature of the transactions,” the spokesperson said. “Digital payment token service providers in Singapore … have to comply with requirements to mitigate such risks, including the need to carry out proper customer due diligence, conduct regular account reviews, and monitor and report suspicious transactions.”

Rahul Advani, Asia-Pacific policy director at blockchain company Ripple, said Singapore’s stance on digital assets has resulted in the city-state being one of the most advanced and mature nations in the field, helping foster development and innovation in the emerging industry.

“It’s very clear where digital assets and related activities lie on the risk spectrum, so you mitigate the potential of developing and investing in technology that is unregulated,” he told Nikkei.

Crypto players that raced to set up in Singapore run the spectrum from exchange platforms for trading bitcoin, Ethereum, and other tokens, through investment managers and financial advisers looking after digital asset portfolios for the wealthy, to business-to-business outfits helping corporate clients accept cryptocurrency payments.

Outfits that were operating in the country prior to the introduction of the licensing regime were granted exemptions until the outcome of their license application is known. Senior Minister Tharman Shanmugaratnam told parliament in July that there were 90 companies operating under such exemptions.

The MAS website showed that the group had shrunk to about 70 as of December 14.

So far, only three players—DBS Vickers Securities, a unit of Singapore and Southeast Asia’s largest bank, DBS Group Holdings; digital payments startup FOMO Pay; and Australia’s Independent Reserve, which offers crypto exchange services—have been listed on the MAS website as licensed entities.

Two others—Coinhako, which operates a crypto exchange platform, and TripleA, a payments company—have put out announcements themselves saying they have acquired the necessary approvals to operate.

Anndy Lian, chairman of Netherlands-registered crypto trading platform BigONE Exchange, told Nikkei that his outfit does not intend to apply for a license in Singapore presently.

“The whole process of selecting who to give the license to is not very transparent,” he said. “It gives the impression that the government is favoring big players and foreign exchanges.”

MAS has not publicly disclosed why specific crypto players were unable to obtain a permit.

But Nikkei understands that some of them did not have the capacity or infrastructure to meet the high compliance standards set out by the financial regulator to deter money laundering and financing of terrorism.

“Cryptocurrencies are currently being used to channel the earnings of everything from ransomware proceeds, the sale of narcotics to some of the most horrific crimes, including human trafficking,” said Rachel Woolley, head of financial crime at client management solutions provider Fenergo.

“Regulators have now entered this space in an effort to protect the financial services industry from illicit activity in much the same way that activity involving fiat currency must be monitored.”

MAS pointed to comments from its managing director, Ravi Menon, who has said that Singapore does not need 160 players in the crypto sector and it may be better to have “half of them” operating at very high standards.

TripleA told Nikkei that in securing its permit, it had to ensure that its operating procedures for risk assessment, customer due diligence, record-keeping, suspicious transaction reporting, auditing, and training were up to snuff.

But its CEO, Eric Barbier, said TripleA gained little insight into what exactly made the difference between success and failure.

“MAS never talks. MAS asks questions and questions and questions,” he said. “You can ask questions but they will not answer, and most regulators are like this.”

Barbier reckoned that being a business serving other businesses may have helped secure a license. “Especially for consumer-to-consumer, like consumer exchanges and so on, the risk of money laundering is very high, so they need to demonstrate to MAS that they are able to mitigate all those risks accordingly,” he said.

Peiying Chua, financial regulation partner for Singapore at the law firm Linklaters, said it is unlikely MAS is specifically favoring big, incumbent financial players: “Likely reasons for unsuccessful applicants may include a lack of track record or key personnel without adequate experience, a lack of a sustainable business model or serious adverse records relating to directors and key individuals.”

“The regulatory approach by MAS may to some degree stifle innovation in smaller entrepreneurs and sift out smaller virtual asset service providers that may not be able to comply with the regulations,” said Quek Li Fei, partner at law firm CNPLaw.

But he added it “provides a more forward-thinking approach toward encouraging legitimate innovation and entrepreneurship in cryptocurrency and digital asset businesses, with a reasonable level of protection to investors.”

This article first appeared on Nikkei Asia. It’s republished here as part of 36Kr’s ongoing partnership with Nikkei.

Anndy Lian is an early blockchain adopter and experienced serial entrepreneur who is known for his work in the government sector. He is a best selling book author “Blockchain Revolution 2030”.

Currently, he is appointed as the Chief Digital Advisor at Mongolia Productivity Organization, championing national digitization. Prior to his current appointments, he was the Chairman of BigONE Exchange, a global top 30 ranked crypto spot exchange and was also the Advisory Board Member for Hyundai DAC, the blockchain arm of South Korea’s largest car manufacturer Hyundai Motor Group. Lian played a pivotal role as the Blockchain Advisor for Asian Productivity Organisation (APO), an intergovernmental organization committed to improving productivity in the Asia-Pacific region.

An avid supporter of incubating start-ups, Anndy has also been a private investor for the past eight years. With a growth investment mindset, Anndy strategically demonstrates this in the companies he chooses to be involved with. He believes that what he is doing through blockchain technology currently will revolutionise and redefine traditional businesses. He also believes that the blockchain industry has to be “redecentralised”.

j j j