India eyes global crypto regulations in G20: Are we ready for uniformity?

India eyes global crypto regulations in G20: Are we ready for uniformity?

India holds the G20 presidency this year and is a member of the G20 and the Financial Action Task Force (FATF). At the G20 and FATF meetings, India has been actively engaged in discussions on the issue of cryptocurrencies and their potential risks, particularly concerning money laundering and terrorist financing. I think that cryptocurrency regulation is likely to be one of the many things that will be talked about this year while the G20 is in charge.

In recent years, India has taken a cautious approach to cryptocurrencies and expressed concerns about their potential for illegal activities. In India, although trading in cryptocurrency assets is not prohibited, the introduction of a severe tax rate last year has significantly reduced such activity.

Additionally, offsetting losses from one cryptocurrency asset with gains from another has been prohibited. The Indian government has also discussed the possibility of implementing stricter regulations for cryptocurrencies, although it has not yet taken any concrete steps in this direction.

At the G20 and FATF meetings, India emphasized the need for international cooperation in addressing the risks posed by cryptocurrencies, including sharing information and best practices among countries. India has also supported the FATF’s efforts to develop global standards for regulating cryptocurrencies and has expressed its commitment to working with other countries to ensure the effective implementation of these standards.

What is the purpose of the proposed uniform regulations for cryptocurrency in India?

The purpose of the proposed uniform regulations for cryptocurrency in India is to provide a clear and consistent framework for using and managing cryptocurrencies. It is aimed to addressing the various risks associated with cryptocurrencies, such as financial stability, consumer protection, and illicit activities, while also promoting the development of the cryptocurrency industry in India.

The proposed laws are aimed at ensuring that the use of cryptocurrencies is in line with the overall goals of the Indian economy and that the risks associated with cryptocurrencies are effectively mitigated. The Indian government wants to make the cryptocurrency market fair for everyone and encourage people to use cryptocurrencies in a responsible and open way.

In addition to mitigating the risks posed by cryptocurrencies, it would also promote the growth and innovation of the cryptocurrency industry in India. By having clear and stable rules, the Indian government hopes to encourage investment, encourage innovation, and support the growth of the industry, which will help the Indian economy as a whole.

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What are the key features of the proposed regulations?

The key features of the proposal may include provisions related to the licensing and registration of cryptocurrency exchanges, the reporting of suspicious transactions, and the implementation of anti-money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) measures. The rules may also include rules to protect consumers and keep their information private, as well as requirements to keep records and report to regulatory authorities.

It may outline the responsibilities of various stakeholders in the cryptocurrency ecosystem, such as exchanges, wallet providers, and users. They may set standards for their operation and conduct. They may also specify the types of cryptocurrencies that can be traded or held by individuals or businesses and establish rules for their safe storage and transfer.

The regulations may also address issues related to taxation and the treatment of cryptocurrency-related transactions for tax purposes. They may specify the tax implications of holding, buying, and selling cryptocurrencies and the tax treatment of income generated from cryptocurrency-related activities.

How will the introduction of these regulations impact the cryptocurrency industry in India?

Currently, the status of cryptocurrency regulations in India is somewhat uncertain. While the Indian government has expressed concerns about the potential risks posed by cryptocurrencies, it has not yet taken any concrete steps to regulate the industry. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has issued several warnings about using cryptocurrencies but has not yet implemented any specific regulations.

The introduction of these regulations may have a significant impact on the cryptocurrency industry in India. The regulations may create a more favorable environment for the industry’s growth by providing a clear and consistent framework for using cryptocurrencies. However, the regulations may impose additional costs and compliance requirements on cryptocurrency exchanges, which may impact their profitability. Additionally, the regulations may affect consumer behaviour as they may increase consumer confidence in the safety and security of cryptocurrencies.

In recent years, there has been growing interest in cryptocurrencies in India, and many cryptocurrency exchanges have emerged to meet this demand. But without clear and consistent rules, the use and management of cryptocurrencies in India are mostly uncontrolled.

How will it affect the wider Indian economy?

The proposed regulations for cryptocurrency in India may have a broader impact on the Indian economy. If the regulations effectively reduce the risks associated with cryptocurrencies, they may increase investor confidence and boost the industry’s growth. This, in turn, may positively impact employment and economic development.

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But if the rules are too strict or hard to follow, they could slow down the growth of the industry and make it less likely to help the economy.

Are we ready for uniform crypto regulations?

This is a key question. Are we ready?

By introducing uniform regulations, the Indian government hopes to ensure that cryptocurrencies are used safely and securely while also protecting investors’ interests. From my point of view, the need for uniformity in the regulation of cryptocurrencies among G20 countries is a matter of debate. On the one hand, uniform regulations can help ensure a level playing field for businesses and prevent regulatory arbitrage, where companies flock to more lenient laws. This can also help to reduce the potential for cross-border risks to the financial system.

On the other hand, each country has unique economic, political, and cultural contexts and may have different needs and priorities regarding regulating cryptocurrencies. For example, some countries may put more emphasis on protecting consumers, while others may put more emphasis on fighting money laundering and terrorism financing.

Ultimately, the ideal approach to regulating cryptocurrencies is likely to be a balance between these two perspectives, where countries adopt a standard set of principles while still retaining the flexibility to tailor regulations to their specific circumstances. This approach can help make sure that cryptocurrencies are regulated in a way that encourages innovation, protects consumers, and reduces potential risks to the financial system while still respecting the sovereignty of each country.

I think it is too early to have uniform regulations across G20 countries on cryptocurrency. They did not perfect it in traditional finance; it will be a lot harder for cryptocurrency. Regulations should be localized if they want to move fast to catch up with the speed of changes in the cryptocurrency space.

The proposal for uniform regulation of cryptocurrencies among G20 countries could potentially delay regulation in individual countries, including India. Being an intergovernmental advisor on blockchain and cryptocurrency matters, I would propose that the Indian government do the same, rather than have uniform regulations across the entire country; they should be LocalizedThis approach can have several advantages, such as allowing for a more flexible and agile regulatory framework that can respond quickly to market changes and industry needs. LoLocalizedegulations can also take into account the specific needs and circumstances of different regions and jurisdictions and allow for the development of regulations tailored to the local context and priorities. This can be especially important in a country as diverse and complex as India, where there may be significant regional variations in the needs and challenges faced by the cryptocurrency industry.

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To conclude

Indeed, the recent events in the crypto market have highlighted the need for some form of regulation in the crypto market. These events have demonstrated the potential risks associated with cryptocurrencies, including the volatility of prices, the lack of investor protection, and the potential for illegal activities.

The Indian Presidency provides an opportunity for India to showcase its leadership and to promote its views and interests on these and other issues of global significance. The timeline for introducing the regulations has not been officially announced yet. It is expected that the regulations will be presented in the near future following the G20 conference this month.

I hope something concrete and reasonable on cryptocurrency will come out of this meeting. Fingers-crossed.




Anndy Lian is an early blockchain adopter and experienced serial entrepreneur who is known for his work in the government sector. He is a best selling book author- “NFT: From Zero to Hero” and “Blockchain Revolution 2030”.

Currently, he is appointed as the Chief Digital Advisor at Mongolia Productivity Organization, championing national digitization. Prior to his current appointments, he was the Chairman of BigONE Exchange, a global top 30 ranked crypto spot exchange and was also the Advisory Board Member for Hyundai DAC, the blockchain arm of South Korea’s largest car manufacturer Hyundai Motor Group. Lian played a pivotal role as the Blockchain Advisor for Asian Productivity Organisation (APO), an intergovernmental organization committed to improving productivity in the Asia-Pacific region.

An avid supporter of incubating start-ups, Anndy has also been a private investor for the past eight years. With a growth investment mindset, Anndy strategically demonstrates this in the companies he chooses to be involved with. He believes that what he is doing through blockchain technology currently will revolutionise and redefine traditional businesses. He also believes that the blockchain industry has to be “redecentralised”.

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